Foreign and military policy

The Greens are committed to a world in which the competitive nation-state system is replaced by a cooperative and democratic world confederation of decentralized regions with self-governing communities. We work for a world where complete and general disarmament becomes possible. We envision a world that is united democratically on the basis of mutual agreement from below, rather than divided by nation-states that war with each other economically when not firing their weapons arsenals at each other.

As Greens in the United States-and as internationalists working in solidarity with democratic, anti-militarist, and ecological movements around the world-we call for the following measures by the U.S. as immediate steps toward a world that is at peace because it is just, free, democratic, and ecologically sound.


The U.S. is the sole superpower that can project is military power anywhere in the world today. And it does-Central America, Grenada, Libya, Panama, the Persian Gulf region have seen their internal politics interfered with by U.S. armed force in the last decade. Many more countries have been shaped by the interference of the CIA and other U.S. covert operations agencies. U.S. intervention in these countries has not accomplished the expressed purpose of protecting human rights and democracy, but has actually suppressed human rights and democracy to make the world safe for exploitation by U.S.-based global corporations.

We call for a return to a principle of the first American Revolution: that to guard against state tyranny, standing armies must be disbanded in peacetime and a "well-regulated militia" established, that is, a citizens' militia under democratic community control, with democratically elected officers and democratic votes on basic operational plans and policies. To this we add a system of nonviolent social defense, organized alongside the citizens' militia and also under democratic control.

There is no military power today that can realistically threaten U.S. territory (as opposed to U.S. corporate interests abroad.) It is time to stop cowering before the military-industrial complex, which is devouring public resources, not for "defense," but for its own power- and profit-motivated reasons. With the Cold War now behind us, we have a historic opportunity to embark on a serious program of demilitarization.

Foreign and military policies should be democratically determined by the people and should foster the creation of a non-violent non-militarist society, where every effort is made to resolve conflicts before they result in war. Too often in recent decades the secretive and unilateral activities of the executive branch of the U.S. national state have committed this country to war without the approval of the American people or their legislative representatives. A democratic foreign policy requires an end to secret diplomacy and the abolition of covert military operations. We therefore call on the U.S. to:

Once these measures are introduced, the U.S. should challenge the governments of the world to follow this example, and appeal to the peoples of the world to pressure their governments to do so.

Peace policies

The Greens support the principles for peace enumerated below. We will act in accordance with them in the peace movement. We will work for municipal foreign policies consistent with them. And we will demand that the U.S. and other states adhere to them.

Self-determination and nonintervention: All people have the right to determine the political and social system under which they live, and to make such determinations, free from foreign military intervention. Foreign policies should not rely on military intervention. In case of military aggression and genocide, nonviolent multilateral economic and diplomatic sanctions should be applied. Military action should be the last resort. Until the U.S. has turned away from aggressive foreign and military policies, we regard as suspect any claim by the U.S. government that it is intervening militarily to oppose aggression or prevent genocide. Human rights and democracy: All people have the right to the full range of civil liberties and democratic rights. Foreign policies should favor democratic countries that respect human rights and sanction undemocratic countries that violate human rights.

Equitable and ecological economic development: Most of the world's people have been impoverished and much of its ecological integrity degraded by the exploitation of global corporations in alliance with domestic elites. Foreign policies should encourage development programs that are democratically designed, owned, and controlled by the majority of people to meet their own needs in an ecological manner. Foreign policies should further encourage an equitable global distribution of wealth.

Middle East policy

(N.B.: The following section was approved in 1991, as war in the Persian Gulf appeared imminent. It has been retained as a model of how Greens may address immediate foreign policy concerns.)

Only struggle and negotiation by the peoples of the Middle East themselves can lead to a just and lasting solution. No one outside the region can impose a blueprint for peace. But since U.S. policy has been an obstacle to peace, the Greens will work to change U.S. policy in the following directions.

No U.S. military intervention in the Middle East